FAQ's for GST
In terms of Schedule II of the CGST Act 2017, development, design, programming, customisation, adaptation, upgradation, enhancement, implementation of information technology software and temporary transfer or permitting the use or enjoyment of any intellectual property right are treated as services. But, if a pre-developed or pre-designed software is supplied in any medium/storage (commonly bought off-the-shelf) or made available through the use of encryption keys, the same is treated as a supply of goods classifiable under heading 8523.
The primary implication is that the place of supply rules applicable to services would apply in determining taxability of the supply of software services. The same would be applicable in situations of supply of services involving a temporary transfer or permitting the use or enjoyment of any intellectual property right. The other implication is that the supplier of software services would not be eligible for the composition scheme.
Every supplier located in a State or Union territory, whose “aggregate turnover” in a financial year exceeds 2,000,000 rupees, is liable to be registered under GST. This limit of turnover for a special category State is ten lakh rupees. ‘A’, whose aggregate turnover is only Rs. 800,000 in a year, is therefore not liable to registration.
If the supplies are made by unregistered suppliers, GST is liable to be paid by the recipient, who is a registered person, undersection 9(4) of the CGST Act, 2017. Therefore, in this case ‘B’ is liable to pay GST on services provided by these individuals. ‘B’ can claim credit of this tax paid by him on reverse charge.
The rate of GST on IT services is 18%.
Exports and supplies to SEZ units and SEZ developers are zero-rated in GST. Zero-rating effectively means that no tax is payable on exports, but the exporter/supplier is entitled to the input tax credit on inputs/input services used in relation to exports. The exporters have two options for zero rating, which are as follows:
(1) To pay integrated tax on supplies meant to be exported and get refund of tax so paid after the supply is exported.
(2) To make export supplies under a bond or letter of undertaking and claim refund of taxes suffered on inputs and input services in relation to such exports.
The supply of any service is considered an export of service, where the following conditions are met:
(1) the supplier of service is located in India.
(2) the recipient of service is located outside India.
(3) the place of supply of service is outside India.
(4) the payment for such service has been received by the supplier of service in convertible foreign exchange; and
(5) the supplier of service and the recipient of service are not merely establishments of a distinct person in accordance with explanation 1 of section 8 of the IGST Act, 2017.
Place of supply of IT/ITES services is the location of the recipient in terms of section 12 and 13 of the IGST Act, 2017. However, if the recipient is not registered and his address is not available on the records of the supplier, the place of supply would be the location of the supplier.
Location of the recipient of service is defined in section 2(14) of the IGST Act. A recipient of services is treated as located outside India if his place of business where he receives services is outside India or, if he does not have a place of business, his usual place of residence is outside India.
Yes, you would be liable to pay GST. A supply is treated as an import of service if the following conditions are satisfied:
(1) the supplier of service is located outside India.
(2) the recipient of service is located in India; and
(3) the place of supply of service is in India.
The place of such supply would be taken to be the location where the firm is registered (in GST) and the supplies would attract integrated tax (IGST). The factum of which currency was used to pay the consideration is immaterial.
No. In this case, ‘C’ is covered by the definition of ‘intermediary’ [section 2(13) of the IGST Act, 2017]. The place of supply of such intermediary service is location of the supplier in terms of section 13(8) of the IGST Act, 2017. As ‘C’ is located outside India, GST is not payable in this case.
You are an intermediary and the place of supply of the service provided by you to the principal is in India irrespective of the mode of payment. Hence, GST is payable on the services provided by you as an intermediary to the principal.
(1) Yes. Under GST, every entity shall take GST registration in each State from which it makes taxable supplies. However, a single registration can be taken for all your SEZ units within a State, whether located in one SEZ or more than one SEZ.
(2) A person having unit(s) in a Special Economic Zone as well as outside the SEZ in a State shall make a separate application for registration for SEZ unit(s) as a business vertical distinct from his other units located outside the Special Economic Zone in that State (Refer Rule 8(1) of CGST Rules, 2017).
No. A person having unit(s) in a Special Economic Zone as well as outside the SEZ in a State, shall make a separate application for registration for SEZ unit(s) as a business vertical distinct from his other units located outside the Special Economic Zone in that State (Refer Rule 8(1) of CGST Rules, 2017).
The recipient, if registered, has to pay the applicable IGST on reverse charge basis. If the recipient is not registered, the matter is treated as an online information and database access or retrieval service (OIDAR) and the OIDAR service provider is liable to take registration and pay tax.
For Ex: if a student in India registers in Netflix (US) for watching movies. Netflix becomes liable to register in India and pay GST.
Generally, the End User Licence Agreement (EULA) is the legal contract between a software application author or publisher and the user of that application governing the usage. The agreement is renewable and/or could be amended from time to time. To find out as to whether there is an element of supply involved when software is delivered to its customer, the terms and conditions of EULA are material.
The contract for supply therefore assumes significance in this test to decide whether or not there has been ‘temporary transfer or permitting the use or enjoyment of any intellectual property right’.
No. GST payable on reverse charge basis is to be discharged through cash only.
No. The supplies would be treated as inter –State supplies and IGST is chargeable on the same.
For exports up to 30th June 2017 refund may be claimed under the provisions of the Chapter V of the Finance Act, 1994. Exports made on and after 1st July would be eligible for refund under the GST law.
Need following documents
1. Export invoices
2. Export proceeds should be received in convertible foreign currency
3. FIRC from bank (Foreign inward remittance certificate)
4. Purchase invoices having vendor’s signature
5. GSTR 2A reconciliation with Inputs claimed as refund
No, we cannot claim the refund of GST paid on capital goods.